Design practice, research, and education in Latin America evolved through the trenches shaped by the uncertain socio-technical contexts of middle-income countries, in a process highly influenced by European and US development standards. Two decades after the creation of the first PhD programs in design in Brazil and Latin America, despite the de-industrialization process opposite to the industrialization landscape that first established the need for design in the middle of the 20th century, design emerged as an essential field able to frame multiple aspects of human experience.
Yet not widely recognized, especially within governmental and public sectors, design is a discipline capable of producing knowledge, imagining, and shaping better futures. The work of pioneers like Darcy Ribeiro and Gui Bonsiepe pinpoints the emancipatory role of higher education and the challenges of ‘development through design’ in Latin America, stressing the center-periphery relation. Bonsiepe also addressed the tense relationships between design science, professional practice, and academia. More recently, the ontological design approach to the pluriverse proposed by Arturo Escobar brings to light the need for autonomy and inclusion in ‘a world where many worlds fit’. This hub focuses on the challenges, achievements, and threats faced by design research and education beyond Europe and the US. Why, when, and how have Latin American public and private universities established doctoral degree programs in Design, and how have those programs evolved? What opportunities, constraints, and practices influenced the configuration of design research and PhD programs in different countries and regions? Which efforts were made to promote inclusion and diversity inside and outside academia? How does design research contribute to the acknowledgement of local traditions and artefacts as relevant to design culture? What are the current challenges and actions toward counterbalancing racial and gender-based discrimination and historical inequalities?
Themes of enquiry/questions:
- Pluriversal histories of design, design practices, design research and design education
- Inclusion and diversity in design research and doctoral education
- Latin American doctoral research in design: achievements and future challenges
- Design for development in Latin America today: the relevance of design research to the design sector and related industries
- Design research methods for transient times: the relevance and impact of evidence-based design
- Transdisciplinarity in PhD design education
- Emerging technologies and future directions for design research
- PhD in design candidates: trajectories and impacts inside and outside academia